Cryonics Revival Scenarios and Potential Roadmaps

Thomas M.S. Chang – Emeritus Professor

Published in Blood Substitutes.

Artificial cells in biotechnology and medicine with emphasis on potential applications in medicine
Different types of artificial cells are being investigated for many medical conditions. Contents of artificial cells include enzymes, hemoglobin, cells, genetically engineered cells and other biotechnological materials. The size ranges from cellular dimensions to the higher millimetre ranges (for cell culture and genetically engineered cells) and down to the nanometer range (for blood substitutes and delivery of protein and macromolecules) and even to the macromolecular range (e.g. cross-linked hemoglobin-enzymes as blood substitutes). More details can be obtained from our website: